Although an unashamedly modern city, Amman does have a history dating back thousands of years, and a tour of the city takes you through this past. The Jordan Museum presents the history and cultural heritage of Jordan, flowing with comprehensive galleries that reflect the ongoing story of Jordan’s past, present, and future. Originally situated on seven hills at the heart of the present-day city, Amman was known as Philadelphia during the Greek and Roman periods, when it was a member of the Decapolis federation. The remains of the Temple of Hercules that dominates the capitol hill dates back to this period, as does the incredibly intact Roman amphitheatre, still used for festivals and performances, and the Roman Nymphaeum in downtown Amman. You will also discover atop the capitol, the Ummayed remains of mosques and palaces plus the Archaeological Museum.